Side Effects of Contraceptives

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Not all contraceptives have side effects but some do and it is important to know what they are. When someone starts using a new contraceptive, they may experience some unusual side effects, which can be scary.

Oral contraceptives (combination birth control pills) side effects include nausea, irregular periods, spotting in between periods, headaches, and breast tenderness. Side effects that are more serious include blood clots, heart attack, stroke, and high blood pressure. These side effects are uncommon and women over the age of 35 and who smoke are at a higher risk for developing any of these side effects. Women who suffer from migraines may also notice an increase and intensity in the migraine headaches.

Condoms are usually side effect free unless you have a latex sensitivity or allergy. Oddly, many women and men discover this allergy the first few times they use a condom. The allergy can cause intense itching and soreness in the vagina or penis. Unfortunately, if the allergy is severe enough it can cause an anaphylactic reaction, which requires immediate medical attention.

The side effects for both the copper and hormone IUD are the same. Some of the common side effects include breast tenderness, headaches, nausea, acne, pelvic pain and mood swings. The copper IUD has two additional side effects that the hormone IUD does not they are cramping and increased bleeding during the menstrual cycle.

Most women and men do not experience any serious side effects from contraceptives and the common side effects are usually mild and pass within a few weeks time.


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